Shrub Guide for ormond and daytona beach
Below you will find shrubs that perform well in eastern Volusia county (U.S.D.A. Zone 9b). Use this guide to help educate yourself on where plants can be placed, spacing requirement, light needs and interesting facts. If you have questions or need help installing your landscape we would love to hear from you. 386-323-7775.
Basic Information: Hawaiian Schefflera is an evergreen shrub that typically grows to about 3-6' tall in our climate if left un-pruned. The Schefflera is native to Taiwan and can grow to 10-25' in its natural tropical habitat. Another interesting fact is that the plant in the wild can actually grow as an epiphyte. This means that the plant will actually attach itself to trees and grow on them.
Planting Information: Like many of the plants found along the coast Schefflera do very well in our sandy soil. These make excellent shrubs for landscape because they can be trimmed like hedges or pruned to give a more natural look. This plant in its variegated form provide a great pop of color that many people are looking for in east Volusia. These plants like sunny to partly shaded areas and do well in most outdoor applications. In Zone 9b these plants will generally stay relatively small, however, different cultivars have different characteristics. Plant spacing is important depending on the desired result at maturity. 2-3' is acceptable if the plant is to be kept as a small shrub or hedge, if a natural look is desired spacing should be more in the 5-6' range or greater again depending on the cultivar.
Basic information: Native to India and Malaysia, crotons are slow-growing perennial shrubs. They are ideal for Florida landscape because they maintain bright, vibrant colors year round. There are several different cultivars to choose from, however, the "Petra" (flat leafed) and "Mammy" (Corkscrew leaf) are two of the most common found in Ormond and Daytona landscape.
Planting Information: Crotons do well in a variety soils including our very own sandy soil conditions here on the coast. Crotons prefer bright locations as this helps promote the vibrant leaf colors, it should be noted however, that too much sun can cause the plant to have a washed out look. These plants can easily survive most of the temperature swings here in our zone 9b. Cold can cause damage to the plant and measures should be taken to prevent this during freeze warning which are common December through February. Spacing the plants depends on the desired effect. Clumping them together can give a burst of color to a drab area, however, general spacing will very from 2-3'. Crotons should only be planted to the depth of the container they were removed from. Any deeper can cause undo stress to the plant and may stunt its growth.
Basic Information: These plants make fantastic screening hedges. They are thick, beautiful and easy to care for. Podocarpus can be trimmed into a shrub, however, grows beautifully in its natural state. Because of its moderate growth rate it makes a bad choice if you need screening in a hurry. If you are patient though, this plant pays huge dividends. Podocarpus are easily shaped and can grow tall enough to give you plenty of privacy. This shrub is also salt tolerant which makes it ideal for use beachside landscape.
Planting Information: This is a rather interesting plant. This shrub like tree can be kept easily to a few feet in height, however, Given enough time this shrub can grow to as tall as 40 feet! For this reason placement and desired end result is key. Plant spacing on this can be as little as 3'. Rarely, (although there are some very large specimens beachside Daytona and one in Holly Hill that is insane!) you can see this in its tree form. Obviously, if this was the desired result you would want the spacing to be much more. When planting near a home you should try and maintain at least 2.5' of clearance. Podocaprus are very cold hardy and grow quite well here and will thrive in zones 6-9. This plant is drought tolerant once it has become established and requires very very little care although pruning is needed.
Basic Information: There are many different varieties of Lingustrum, green being the most common. This shrub can be planted and used as a screening shrub or even a small tree if left to grow without pruning. Lingustrum grows relatively fast which makes it awesome for screening and blocking out that new house that they built right behind you.
Planting Information: Lingustrum is an ideal shrub for this area as it is salt tolerant and thrives in zone 9b. These plants can grow to over 10', however, most people keep them sheared in their shrub for to about 3-6'. As with many shrubs this plant is drought tolerant once it is established. Plant spacing should be 3-4' from one another and should be planted out from a structure approximately 3' as well. Ligustrum japonicum 'Howardii' is a golden tipped version there are also variegated versions of this shrub that are quite attractive.
Dwarf Yaupon Holly
Basic Information: This is a fine leafed holly plant that is extremely easy to care for. One of the remarkable things about this plant is that it naturally has an attractive mounded shape, thus, why you always seem to notice them rounded off in landscape applications. This make it a favorite among yard maintenance companies and homeowners alike as it requires little care.
Planting Information: Dwarf Yaupon Holly is very happy in full and direct sunlight, although, it can tolerate some shade. People don't often realize that this plant can grow up to about 5' in height, although, for landscape purposes this rarely happens. This cultivar of holly should be planted 2.5-3' apart and make sure to come the same distance off of any structure. This hedge can be manicured to many different shapes including boxy, traditional hedge-like shapes. This plant is most attractive when the natural rounded shape is accentuated with some light pruning.
Basic Information: This plant has an interesting pink hue to the leaves making it really stand out in a crowd. This plant is better left untrimmed allowing it to have a natural bushy look. Snowbush goes by many other names, now-on-the-Mountain, Snow Bush(alt. spelling) and Hawaiian Snowbush to name just a few. An interesting characteristic of this flowering shrub is that, well, it flowers. However, most people will not notice as the Snowbush has green, petal-less flowers that are overpowered by the striking pink variegated leaves.
Planting Information: Snowbush is a fast grower and thrives in full sun. In Ormond and Daytona you are more likely to see this plant growing beachside as it is not too cold hardy and really prefers to live in zone 10 or higher. This means that it will need to be protected from almost any freezing temperatures and will require some care. This plant can reach heights of up to 10', but, it is best kept to a height of approximately 3-4'. This plant like well drained sandy soil and loves full sun, partly shady locations can work but are not recommended as the plant will simply appear mostly green. Spacing on these are 2.5-3' and the same distance is advisable to structures. Snowbush is salt tolerant.
Basic Information: Oleander is a beautiful, flowering shrub like tree that lives in warmer climates. Oleander grows fast and relatively thick making it a good candidate for screening. You are more likely to see this plant beachside of Ormond and Daytona. The leaves are long and thin. This plant can be trained to grow as a large shrub or a small tree. It should be noted that if ingested oleander is quite poisonous! Do not use this plant to roast a hot dog or toast marshmallows.
Planting Information: Oleander lives in warm climates and does quite well in zones 8-11. Oleander can reach heights of 20' if left to grow or trained as a tree. Oleander has good salt tolerance and thrives in full sun. These plants can be planted year round but prefer to be planted in either the spring or the fall. Plant spacing on these are considerably larger than other types of shrubs. Depending on the desired effect. 6-12' is recommended and ample space should be given to structures and walkways. This plant is common to area lawns. These plants can require some maintenance and service throughout the year depending on the desired look. They can be pruned to be kept low. This will require more maintenance as this is a fast growing plant.
GOLD MOUND DURANTA
Basic Information: This plant has an interesting bright yellow hue to its leaves. This plant looks great in area lawns, however, it should be noted that due to its bright rather unusual tint Gold Mound Duranta should be used sparingly. This plant grows fairly quickly and makes for a great focal point or "anchor plant" in your yard. This plant may produce a small blue flower, but does not always do this.
Planting Information: Gold Mound Duranta grows well here in zone 9b and will recover well from frost damage. This plant prefers full sun. While it can be planted in a more shady location, doing so will cause the leaves to turn green and loose their attractive yellow hue. Planting in less than full sun is not recommended for this reason. This shrub can easily be maintained to a height of 2.5-3'. When and if this plant does bloom it will produce small lavender flowers. Unfortunately they are almost invisible do to the strong yellow color of the leaves. Gold Mound Duranta can be planted in your yard as close as 2.5' to the house and when placed in multiples in your lawn they should be placed 2.5-3' apart to allow room to spread. These plants are fairly salt tolerant.
Basic Information: This landscape staple has a lot going for it. Variegated Pittisporum is a tough character. Almost impossible to kill this shrub is salt and drought tolerant and cold hardy to the mid 20's. This plant is visually appealing and has an interesting leaf pattern. It looks great as a hedge near your home or in your commercial property landscape. The pale green makes it stand out well against other plants such as a dark green lingustrum or podocarpus.
Planting Information: Variegated Pittisporum will do great in Ormond and Daytona since we are zoned 9b. This plant can be found in areas north and is cold hardy to zone 8. This variety could grow as tall as 15' if left on it's own. Most people choose to have us keep them in the 3-4' range. Our monthly landscape service can help keep them in check. One nice aspect of this plant is that it's a relatively slow grower making it lower maintenance. The planting on this as with most shrubs is 2.5-3' apart with the same being true when planted near your house or commercial structure. This plant also makes a good choice for commercial landscape since it does grow slow. This cultivar does best in full sun, but, will do quite well in partial shade as well.
Basic Information: Japanese Boxwood is one of those shrubs you see everywhere here in lawn landscape. This shrub has small leaves and grows very slowly which makes it perfect for formal hedges. This shrub can be shaped by rounding off or squaring the edges. The dark green foliage really helps to outline landscape and walkways. This shrub can be kept low as to not obstruct views. Japanese Boxwood is very similar to Yaupon Holly but grows just slightly taller and wider.
Planting Information: Japanese Boxwood is very happy in full and direct sunlight, although, it can tolerate some shade. This cultivar should be planted 2' apart if you would like them as a hedge and make sure to come the same distance off of any structure. This hedge can be manicured to many different shapes including boxy, traditional hedge-like shapes. Japanese Boxwood does need to be watered so if you don't have irrigation it may be best to water by hand during extremely dry times. This plant is pretty much happy anywhere in Florida and is good in zones 5-9b, meaning that this shrub can really take the cold.
Basic Information: This may be fastest growing screening shrub on the market. This plant is absolutely everywhere in Ormond and Daytona Beach lawns. Yard care companies and home owners alike love this shrub. Easy to care for and quick results make this a popular screening choice. However, it should be noted that depending on the effect you are looking for in your yard this shrub can appear rather boring compared to some other options available for your landscape.
Planting Information: These shrubs are found all over Florida. They thrive in our zone 9b and handle cold well when they need to . These shrubs have small sweet smelling flowers that appear during spring , although, they are not particularly attractive. This plant is described as "super fast" growing. This can be a blessing and a curse, it is important to give the shrubs enough room to grow and spread when planting. Spacing is recommended at 3-4' and the same goes for planting against houses. This shrub prefers full sun but can and will do fine in more shady areas.
pygmy date palm (robellini)
Basic Information: Pygmy date palms are slow-growing palms that look great and do not get that big. This makes them perfect for planting near structures. Pygmy date palm trees have small, yellow hued flowers, which give way to tiny purplish dates born on a thin solitary trunk with deep green fronds forming a crown. Thorns also grow on the leaf stalks and can be very very sharp. We often will trim these as needed for many of our lawn service customers. This is done a few times a year for a small fee.
Planting Information: Pygmy date palms do just fine in zone 9b and can handle temperatures into the 20's for short times it should be noted that any extended freeze will require frost protection. These small palm trees like sandy soil well drained soil, however, they do like water. It is important to make sure they are not in standing water. These palms are often found in attractive clumps of 2 or 3. Odd numbers have a more organic look and will help the landscape have a more natural feel. Plants could be place as little 3 feet from a house, however, a minimum of 4-5' is recommended. These plants rarely get over 8' tall so they are perfect for inside pool screen enclosures. Single trunk trees may be spaced as little as 3' apart. Multi trunk specimens should be slightly farther apart.